What is a domain?
A domain is a name that is used as the address of a website. Using a domain name one can easily find a specific website. Domain names are always unique, which means it is not possible to be more than one domain with the same name. If someone registers a domain name then no one can register the same domain name again.
History of a domain
The first domain was registered on March 15, 1985. In 1992, when the domain registration was a little less than 15,000. At the beginning of 2015, the number of domain registrations increased to 294 million. As of June 30, 2021, the number of .com and .net domain registrations alone is approximately 170 million. There are currently more than 280 domain extensions used worldwide which are used for various purposes. There are some domains that are open to using for everyone. Those Domains are open to all can be purchased by anyone at any time they can use it without any restrictions. However, not everyone can take CC TLD or country-based domain extensions, without the citizen of that country. There are also different domain extensions for use for different special purposes.
Top-level domain or TLD refers to the last segment of the domain name or the part after the (.) Sign. There are two common types of TLDs: generic TLDs and country-specific TLDs.
Here are some examples of TLDs
Why domains are used?
Usually when a company or organization felt the importance to create a website or online company profile or if it needs a website for any other purpose then an address is needed for that website which can be searched by typing in the browser to see all the information on that website. A domain is that address.
However computer doesn’t understand a domain name, the computer understands an IP address. An IP address is a unique identifier that is mainly a string or a number. It is very difficult for people to remember numbers, so domains are used instead of IP addresses for easy remembering. Domain names are usually registered as opposed to an IP address. Which is easily remembered. It is the main reason for using a domain name.
There are other facts associated with a domain that is very important to use with any domain and hosting. These are name servers and DNS. When someone searches by typing a domain name in a browser, all the information of a website comes to the screen and it happens through DNS. The nameservers and DNS records are used to connect the domain and hosting. Click here to know What is a Nameserver and DNS Record?
How long can a domain be owned?
Generally, a domain name can be registered for 1 year to 10 years and it can be extended every year by renewing it. Normally, if a domain is registered for only one year, it must be renewed within 1 year before the domain expires to prevent the downtime of the website. It can be renewed every year or for 1 to 10 years. A domain can be registered for a minimum of one year and the domain will remain active for one year from the registration date. After the domain registration, if you renew your domain at any time then your domain will be renewed another year from the expiry date. After one year, if not renewed, the domain will expire. And after a certain period of time-domain can’t be renewed. And after a few more days later the domain will be released for re-registration. At that time any person or organization gets a chance to re-register the domain and can use it however they want.
Periods of the domain
The active period of a domain can be 1 to 10 years depending on the registration period. If someone registers a domain for 1 year and if does not renew the domain after 1 year, then the domain will expire. There are other sections in the expiration period in this time the owner of the domain can renew at the normal price and it’s called the Auto-renew Grace Period. This period is usually up to 29 days.
The next period is called the Redemption Grace Period. If you want to renew a domain during this period, you have to pay a redemption fee along with the domain renewal fee. Any domain in this period usually lasts up to 30 days.
After that, it is not possible to renew the domain. Usually, within 5 days the domain is deleted and it is re-released for new registration.